There are several circumstances that leave an individual suffering in a void. Many things that a person is unable to accept makes the person suffer from emotional and psychological trauma. As per the definition, these traumas are a result of the highly stressful events that damage the sense of security and peace of mind. The more the fear caused by the event, higher are the chances of long lasting and serious trauma. The reasons behind the emotional and psychological trauma can be:
- One time events, like a major accident, happening in childhood leaving a long lasting traumatic impact on the mind.
- Ongoing stress, including bullying, domestic violence, childhood neglection.
- Common causes, like death of a loved one, separation from partner, disappointment in life.
Also, traumatic stress can be created in the mind of the individual from the surroundings that reside in, for example, if there are an increasing number of rapes in the society, any individual shall be afraid of living freely in such a society.
Although trauma at any age can damage the emotional stability, but if any such trauma occurs in childhood , the impact of the same is much more dreadful. It can be the result of any such activity,
- Unsafe environment
- Separation from parents
- Prolonged illness
- Sexual abuse
- Domestic violence
Symptoms of emotional and psychological trauma:
In many cases, the symptoms go neglected and the trauma unattended. This is because it takes the care and diligence to see the causes and differentiate it from the normal behavior. The reaction that a person gives to the trauma are just normal reactions to abnormalities in the life.The symptoms include:
- Shock and denial
- Difficulty in concentration
- Aches and pain
Physical effects related to trauma
The problem goes beyond unhealthy habits. Experts believe that there is actually a direct biological effect that occurs when your body undergoes extreme stress. When you experience something anxiety-provoking, your stress response activates. Your body produces more adrenaline, your heart races, and your body primes itself to react, says Roberts. Someone who has experienced trauma may have stronger surges of adrenaline and experience them more often than someone who has not had the same history. This causes wear and tear on the body — just as it would in a car where the engine was constantly revving and racing, she says. Stress responses have also been demonstrated in people who have experienced discrimination throughout their lives. “It ages your system faster,” says Roberts.
Chronic stress can increase inflammation in the body, and inflammation has been associated with a broad range of illness, including cardiovascular disease and autoimmune diseases, says Roberts. Early trauma disrupts the inflammatory system. This can lead to long-term aberrations in this system and chronic health problems triggered by constant inflammation. Typically, the more trauma you’ve experienced, the worse your health is.
The signs and symptoms of emotional and psychological trauma are merely the changes in the behavioral pattern of the person, but if prolonged changes or irritation is observed, then due care needs to be provided in order to lessen the trauma.
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