Bladder cancer is one of the most common cancers, affecting approximately 68,000 adults in the United States each year. It occurs in men more frequently than it does in women and usually affects older adults.Bladder cancer most often begins in the cells (urothelial cells) that line the inside of your bladder — the hollow, muscular organ in your lower abdomen that stores urine.
Symptoms of Bladder Cancer
- Blood in urine (hematuria)
- Painful urination
- Pelvic pain
If you have hematuria, your urine may appear bright red or cola colored.
People with bladder cancer might also experience:
- Back pain
- Frequent urination.
Types of Bladder Cancer:-
Urothelial Carcinoma:- Urothelial carcinoma occurs in the cells that line the inside of the bladder. Urothelial cells expand when your bladder is full and contract when your bladder is empty. These same cells line the inside of the ureters and the urethra, and tumors can form in those places as well.
Squamous cell carcinoma:- Squamous cell carcinoma is associated with chronic irritation of the bladder. It’s more common in parts of the world where a certain parasitic infection is a common cause of bladder infections.
Adenocarcinoma:- Adenocarcinoma begins in cells that make up mucus-secreting glands in the bladder.
Risk Factors for bladder cancer:-
Smoking cigarettes may increase the risk of bladder cancer by causing harmful chemicals to accumulate in the urine. When you smoke, your body excretes some of the chemicals in your urine. These harmful chemicals may damage the lining of your bladder.
Bladder cancer risk increases as your age increases. After 40, you are greatly at a risk.
White people have a greater risk of bladder cancer than do people of other races.
Men are more likely to develop bladder cancer than women are.
Exposure to certain chemicals:-
Your kidneys play a key role in filtering harmful chemicals from your bloodstream and moving them into your bladder. Chemicals linked to bladder cancer risk include arsenic and chemicals used in the manufacture of dyes, rubber, leather, textiles and paint products.
Chronic bladder inflammation:-
Chronic urinary infections or inflammations (cystitis), happen with long-term use of a urinary catheter, may increase the risk of a squamous cell bladder cancer.
Personal or family history of cancer:-
If you’ve had bladder cancer, you’re more likely to get it again. If one of your first-degree relatives — a parent, sibling or child — has a history of bladder cancer, you may have an increased risk of the disease, although it’s rare for bladder cancer to run in families.
How to prevent!
- Avoid Smoking:- If you aren’t smoking cancer causing chemicals will not collect in your bladder. If you smoke, talk to your doctor and take the help of Support groups, medications.
- Take caution around chemicals:- If you work with chemicals, follow all safety instructions to avoid exposure.
- Choose a variety of fruits and vegetables:- Choose a diet rich in a variety of colorful fruits and vegetables. The antioxidants in fruits and vegetables may help reduce your risk of cancer.
The aim of such posts is to spread awareness about such diseases which one must be careful about.
Hope you found this post useful!
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